Shoulder injuries range in severity from the simplest sprains to the stretching of tendons or ligaments, all the way to shoulder dislocation or tendon rupture (rotator cuff tendon), which leads to functional weakness and the inability to continue a sports career. It is also worth mentioning injuries that occur due to the adaptation of the body to the demands of sports.
An arthroscopic procedure can also solve major shoulder injuries, from unstable shoulders, through degenerative and inflammatory problems to ruptures of shoulder tendons, pinched nerves in the shoulder area, and the like. After such procedures, postoperative pain is significantly less, recovery is faster and safer. It is extremely important that the rehabilitation is carried out in a specialized center in cooperation with the orthopedist who performed the operation. In this way, the success of the procedure increases.
Rehabilitation after the operation should be started soon after the operation (within 2-3 days). For the first 4 weeks, i.e. according to the agreement with the operator, the patient is given an orthosis for preservation, i.e. immobilization of the shoulder joint. The therapeutic program is continued with the aim of reducing pain and inflammation (cryotherapy, massage with anti-inflammatory drugs, electrotherapy), passive mobility exercises in the shoulder joint, and isometric exercises to strengthen the shoulder muscles are started. After 3-6 weeks, i.e. according to the agreement with the operator, cryotherapy and electrotherapy are discontinued and active performance of movements is increasingly introduced, where patients increase the range of movements by using the strength of their own muscles.
Before the end of the physical therapy program and when returning to sports or other professional activity, the doctor and physiotherapist teach the patient how to avoid further possible difficulties related to their diagnosis, i.e. their health problem because it is necessary to permanently maintain the strength and flexibility of the shoulder girdle.