Regeneration of damaged cartilage in orthopedics – myth or reality?

event 24.04.2019.

In recent times, we have seen a large number of articles that talk about cartilage regeneration, the creation of artificial or biological cartilage. Is this possible?

Aksis Special Hospital is one of the leading institutions in the application of so-called biological medicine in orthopedics. Dr. Miškulin started dealing with cartilage regeneration procedures in the 1990s during his work at the Rizzoli Orthopedic Institute in Bologna, one of the leading orthopedic institutes in the world. Since then, he not only follows the development of cartilage regeneration and repair procedures but also successfully applies them.

Biological medicine is based on the fact that in our body there are so-called stem cells that are characterized by great regenerative potential. At conception, the number of stem cells and their regenerative potential is the highest – all our tissues were created from stem cells. During life, our organs and tissues constantly change their cells, and new ones are created precisely from stem cells. With aging, the number of stem cells and their regenerative potential decreases. In addition to the regenerative potential, stem cells can by their action “summon” the proteins necessary in the regeneration of damaged tissue, in our case the cartilage of the joint.

At Aksis Special Hospital, in addition to stem cell therapy, we also use blood plasma therapy, i.e. platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy. We use special procedures to extract platelets from our blood, which are the basis not only of wound healing, but are also a natural source of growth factors that participate in the most important phases of wound healing and regenerative processes in our body.

Both procedures are an integral part of the treatment of degenerative joint disease – arthrosis. PRP is also used in the treatment of muscle ruptures and inflammatory tendon diseases such as tennis elbow, plantar fasciitis, or painful shoulder.

Our experiences in the use of biological treatments are excellent, especially when we consider that we combine the same procedures with minor or major surgical interventions. Our goal is to provide our patients with additional treatment options for osteoarthritis, primarily by delaying the installation of artificial joints. When the damage to the joint is too great, we implant the best artificial joints in our patients using minimally invasive surgical methods, which, apart from precise surgical technique, is a prerequisite for quick recovery and longevity of endoprostheses.